Tibbo PLUS1 Embedded Linux Controller (SP7021)

...with 10 outstanding features:

Developed by Sunplus Technology in collaboration with Tibbo Technology, the Tibbo PLUS1 (SP7021) offers all the elements typically found in modern industrial embedded Linux processors. The PLUS1 offers a wide range of functions for IoT and industrial control applications. A simple microcontroller-like package that requires few external components simplifies the schematic and reduces PCB complexity.


Feature 1: Quad-Core 1GHz Cortex-A7 CPU + A926 + 8051

The Plus1 boasts a quad-core 1GHz ARM Cortex-A7 (CA7) processing unit plus two additional CPU cores: a 202MHz A926 core for executing real-time code and a low-power 202MHz/32KHz 8051 core for system management (including in low-power standby mode). All GPIO lines and peripherals are accessible from all cores of the chip.

Feature 2: Single 3,3V Supply

While many of its competitors require up to three different supply voltages, as well as complex and costly power management ICs, the Plus1 can run off a single 3.3V power source. All additionally required voltages — 1.8V, 1.2V, and 0.9V — are generated internally*. Only a few passive components are needed to complete the power circuits.

* Some limitations apply to the use of the internal 1.2V voltage regulator.

Feature 3: Integrated 512 MB DDR3-DRAM

The Plus1 incorporates 512MB of DDR3 DRAM. This dramatically simplifies the PCB layout — no more copying and pasting known-good DRAM traces from proven PCBs, worrying about trace impedances, or going through costly and time-consuming layout iterations. The DRAM is built-in, and it just works! Integrated DRAM also means that you will be able to reduce the number of board layers to four or even two. Finally, by putting the DRAM into the Plus1, we've made your sourcing work easier: DRAM prices and lead times are famously volatile, so the right parts are often hard to procure — with the Plus1, you have one less part to worry about!

Feature 4: Eight 8-bit 5V-Tolerant I/O Ports + One High-Current Port

The Plus1 has eight 8-bit I/O ports with 3.3V logic levels and 5V tolerance. This simplifies interfacing with real-life hardware and eliminates the need for level shifters and other glue circuitry. 5V tolerance is unheard-of on Linux processors, which usually cannot go over 3.3V and often have even less-convenient 1.8V or 1.2V-level I/O.

The Plus1 also has one more 8-bit I/O port, which has a higher driving current ability and hosts a console UART.

Feature 5: Flexible Peripheral Multiplexing (PinMux)

The I/O functions of many of the Plus1 peripherals are routed via a fully symmetrical multiplexor known as PinMux. PinMux allows you to connect any I/O line of any participating peripheral to any of the 64 GPIO lines of eight 8-bit I/O ports

Many Linux processors have PinMux functions, but they are usually minimal and only provide two or three alternative "routings" for each peripheral. The choices available for one peripheral often conflict with the options offered for other peripherals. As a result, developers are forced to play a complex optimization game that leads to uncomfortable sacrifices and convoluted pin mappings. There is no such pain on the Plus1 — any I/O line of any participating peripheral can be connected to any PinMux pin! What's more, PinMux mappings can be altered on the fly and without rebooting Linux.

Feature 6: Two Ethernet MACs

The Plus1 incorporates dual PinMuxable 10/100Mb Ethernet MAC controllers and a built-in transparent Ethernet switch. More and more industrial products require dual MACs to daisy-chain Ethernet devices or to connect two independent networks for increased operational reliability. The Plus1 supports both configurations.

In the switch configuration, the OS will detect a single Ethernet adapter. The built-in switch fabric will transparently route external traffic between the two physical Ethernet ports — no processor involvement required. In the dual-port configuration, the OS will detect two independent Ethernet adapters.

All I/O lines of the MAC controller are PinMuxable and can be routed to any of the 64 GPIO pins managed through PinMux.

Feature 7: Four Enhanced UARTs (PinMux) + one console UART

IoT and industrial control devices always require multiple UARTs, so we paid particular attention to this part of the design. The Plus1 features four identical UARTs with 128-byte TX and RX buffers, automatic RTS/CTS flow control, and baud rates of up to 928Kbits/second.

All I/O lines of all four UARTs are PinMuxable and can be routed to any of the 64 GPIO pins managed by PinMux. There is also an additional console UART with fixed, dedicated TX and RX lines.

Feature 8: Easy-to-Use LQFP Package

The Plus1 is available in an easy-to-use 20x20mm LQFP176-EP package. Unlike BGAs, TQFP ICs are easily handled by humans; for example, they can be hand-soldered during the assembly of board samples. TQFP packaging also simplifies the PCB layout work and facilitates the use of lower-cost, four-layer or two-layer PCBs. This alone leads to substantial cost savings compared to six and even eight-layer boards often needed to accommodate BGA-packaged CPUs! In their simplicity, your boards will look more like a typical "microcontroller" rather than "typical Linux CPU" designs.

Feature 9: Industrial Temperature Range

The Plus1 is an industrial-grade design through-and-through. The chip supports an operating temperature range of -40°C to 85°C and is well-suited for demanding industrial applications.

Feature 10: Feature 10: 

When designing the Plus1 , we paid special attention to lowering EMI. It is no secret that some chips create EMI certification problems, which are notoriously difficult to overcome. This is because many IC vendors consider EMI issues to be board and device-level issues, and do not think that combating EMI is their responsibility.

This view is not entirely accurate. A sensible chip design can go a long way toward simplifying subsequent device certifications. We did our homework, and this makes doing yours easier.

Modern, Yocto-based Linux Distribution

Unlike competing chips that often come with outdated Linux distributions (meant only to prove that the IC can run Linux in principle), the Plus1 
is supported by a modern, Yocto-based Linux.

Yocto is a widely used framework for managing the pieces that go into a Linux build. According to Wikipedia, the Yocto Project's goal is to "produce tools and processes that enable the creation of Linux distributions for embedded and IoT software that are independent of the underlying architecture of the embedded hardware."

Ten-year Supply Guarantee

The Plus1 was created for industrial applications and devices. We understand that in the industrial space, many products have much longer lives compared to consumer products. Unfortunately, most semiconductor vendors, especially in Asia, primarily target consumer applications and force rapid upgrade cycles of their silicon. To industrial product makers, these rapid upgrades look like "unintelligible flickering" — the pace of change is too fast to even react to it! We understand that, as a designer of IoT and industrial devices, you cannot afford to redesign your product constantly. When you build your product around the Plus1, you choose stability over the "white noise" of other vendors.

And More...

Real Time Ethernet Gateway – Stack on Module-SoM

The SoM (Stack on Module) is a ready-to-use, pre-certified dual-port Ethernet module solution currently available for the real-time protocols PROFINET RT, EtherNetIP, EtherCAT, including an embedded 2-port Ethernet switch with further internal port for bus and ring network topologies.

The SoM RIN32M3 integrates a Renesas microcontroller running a protocol library supporting various types of real-time industrial Ethernet communication protocols. With a well-documented generic API (Application Programming Interface), the protocol library can be easily accessed by an application processor in order to exchange real-time network data with the user application via a lean SPI module interface.

Based on a RIN32M3EC CPU in combination with PORT's GOAL technology, this SoM offers PROFINET, EtherNetIP, EtherCAT on board. Simply connect via the SPI of your host controller and your applications are multi-protocol capable.

The generic API is an abstraction platform for real-time communication and offers scalable multi-protocol solutions such as PROFINET RT, EtherNetIP and EtherCAT. The external application processor has full control over the protocol stacks running on the module CPU without interfering with the modules' real-time communication or wasting CPU power to the host processor.

The currently available Industrial Ethernet protocols PROFINET RT, EtherNetIP, EtherCAT implementations correspond to the latest specification releases. An extensive tool chain consisting of evaluation boards (module and application processor), API source code and host application examples including extensive documentation makes integration into your target application environment very easy. All of this enables users to have a lean and independent connection to existing or new applications, products and networks while at the same time accelerating the time to market.

The advantages of SoM-RIN32M3:

  • nexpensive and easy to integrate
  • one module for all market-leading real-time communication systems
  • open interfaces for more flexibility in the connector area
  • works with RJ45, M12, M8 or MiniIO
  • extensive range of tools for administration and integration makes the design very efficient
  • Integrated update service - you always get the latest firmware

Integrate the popular Raspberry PI single-board computer into networks such as PROFINET, EtherNetIP and EtherCAT - no problem with the Raspberry PI expansion board from port.

The Raspberry PI Industrial Ethernet Extender with SoM-RIN32M3
Easy integration into your systems.

The already integrated SPI-LINUX driver enables very easy integration and commissioning. The software package also provides useful tools (such as the management tool) for configuration and integration. In addition, a design tool for creating and managing object files is optionally available.

If you register the Raspberry PI Industrial Ethernet Extender after purchase, you will receive updates and upgrades for the integrated tool and the stacks for free. We will inform you automatically. So you are always up to date. The certifications for PROFINET and EtherNetIP should therefore no longer pose a major problem.

The ARDUINO/PMOD-Board is available for evaluating the SoM-RIN32M3

Based on the ARDUINO/PMOD-Board, there are also the following complete evaluation systems:

  • ARDUINO – PMOD Board for RENESAS Synergy S5 / S7
  • ARDUINO – PMOD Board for STM32F4 (Nucleo)
  • ARDUINO – PMOD Board and Raspberry-Pi (LINUX)
  • ARDUINO – PMOD Board for LINUX

1700 V-Rated InnoSwitch3-EP ICs with SiC Switches Simplify Industrial Flyback Power Supply Designs

Suitable for industrial markets, these 1700 V-rated devices replace discrete controller-plus-MOSFET designs, saving space, time and cost while increasing reliability in applications such as renewables, industrial motor drives, battery storage and metering. SiC-based InnoSwitch3-EP ICs deliver up to 70 W of output power while reducing the number of components required to implement a power supply by up to 50%. The inclusion of synchronous rectification and a quasi-resonant (QR) / CCM flyback controller achieves greater than 90% efficiency and less than 15 mW no-load consumption.

Light Pipe Protection for Rugged Harsh Environments

The need for product illumination is increasing as design engineers develop technology products used in new and different internal and external locations. Designers require various levels of protection to ensure circuitry is safe and will perform continuously. Bivar IP Rated Light Pipe products and systems solve problems and offer design options for strength and protection from the ingress of particulates, electrostatic discharge, vibration, and physical impact.

IP stands for Ingress Protection which is a system for classifying the degrees of protection provided for electrical equipment that has been developed by the European Committee for Electrotechnical Standardization (CENELEC). These standards are designed to numerically rate an electrical product on the level of protection its afforded. The classification is represented by the prefix, IP, along with two numbers. The first number is for protection against solids while the second number is for protection against liquid.

See how Bivar can help you plan in the early stages of design to get the most from your product illumination.

Common Feature Definitions


IP Rated Rigid Light Pipes: Panel Press-Fit

RHD
IP67 heavy-duty threaded retention for maximum protection in industrial-grade applications.

SGLC
IP68 Rated Sealing Gasket Lens Cap designed to provide ingress protection to LED status indication for applications exposed to harsh environments.

PLTR
Rigid Front Mounting Press Fit light pipe includes threaded retention so when properly tightened with a torque wrench will provide a secure fit for harsh environment protection.

PLP5
Rear-mount 5mm lens size round shaped single station short distance light pipe.

PLW5
Wide-capture lower body provides micro-lens to capture and emit more LED light..


IP Rated Flexible Light Pipes – SMD LED Systems

SZ IP54
IIP54 ZeroLightBleed™ adapter system for Bivar SMD LED and flexible light pipe.

SMFLP-System (SF1, SF2)
Board mount adapter system for Bivar SMD LED and flexible light pipe.


IP Rated Flexible Light Pipes – Through-Hole LED Systems

ORFLP-System (OR1)
Board mount adapter system with built-in Bivar 4-pin Through-Hole Superflux LED and Flexible Light Pipe.

FLP-System (FR2, FR3, FR4, FV2, FV3, FV4)
Board mount adapter with built-in Bivar Through-Hole LED and Flexible Light Pipe.

First Industrial Capable WiFi 6 / 6E Tri-band Module

Module Solutions

WPEQ-268AXI(BT)WNFQ-268AXI(BT)
ChipsatzQualcomm Atheros WCN6856Qualcomm Atheros WCN6856
Wi-FiWi-Fi 6/6E DBDCWi-Fi 6/6E DBDC
BluetoothBluetooth 5.2Bluetooth 5.2
InterfacePCIe/USBPCIe/USB
Form factorHalf Size Mini Card (TBD)M.2 2230 E-Key
MIMO/Antenna2T2R2T2R
Frequency bands2412-2484 MHz
5150-5850 MHz
5925-7125 MHz
2412-2484 MHz
5150-5850 MHz
5925-7125 MHz
Bandwidth20/40/80/160 MHz20/40/80/160 MHz
CertificationCE, FCC (TBD)CE, FCC (TBD)

Product images WPEQ-268AXI(BT) and WNFQ-268AXI(BT)

First Industrial Capable WiFi 6 / 6E Tri-Band

The Tri-band solution from Qualcomm brings DBDC features to M.2 2230 and Half Mini PCIe formfactor. WNFQ-268AXI(BT) / WPEQ-268AXI(BT) are powered by latest Qualcomm WCN6856 chip, provide industrial lifecycle, industrial temperature capability, and true SparkLAN technical support.

ADI Trinamic FOC Auto-Tuning-Tool

Auto-Tuning Speeds Up Motor Drive Commissioning

For whitepaper download, please scroll down to the bottom.

With smart motor drives that boost productivity and improve operational costs even further, Industrial Automation is empowered by intelligence at the edge. This means more and more data is processed at the edge, including sensors, cameras, and actuators, taking low-level, real-time decisions while providing aggregated data for higher controls.

For actuators to gather and process data at the edge, it is important that the system has a clear picture of normal operating conditions. Take friction for example. If a conveyor belt is running without a component on it, the actuator experiences a certain amount of friction which is affected by several factors including length and weight of the belt itself. But what if this friction increases? Does it indicate possible wear and tear within the system, or is it simply because several components were placed on the belt? Tuning motor controllers is a fundamental step for generating a clear picture of normal operating conditions, one that can be sped up with the correct tools.

Why Do We Need Auto-Tuning?

First, of all motor drives, those using field-oriented control (FOC), or vector control, arguably offer the highest performance. Tuning FOC, however, can be laborious and puts a huge strain on resources during application development. In particular, tuning the P and I parameters require expert know-how. Not only during initial setup, also when the application’s parameters need to be adjusted to meet consumer demands.

Second, the frontier of Industrial Automation is marked by increasingly complex machines where drive systems and sensors at the edge are gathering information and interacting with each other. This increases overall complexity, pulling resources away from other aspects including motor and motion control in favor of development of the application and hardware abstraction layer. Moreover, increased complexity adds factors taken into account when tuning the motor, thereby putting more strain on the Engineer tuning the controller.

Third, with increased interaction and complexity of the machine, a new generation of machines is introduced at the frontier of Industrial Automation. A generation that comes with “a built-in fail-safe mechanism that automatically detects an operational problem preventing it from completing its assigned task. It then initiates steps to temporarily transfer its given task to other machines in the work cell until the faulty machine can be repaired.”

The fourth argument for auto-tuning is to quickly compensate for manufacturing tolerances in series production. Even with improved assembly lines, not every machine will be 100 percent according to spec. Correcting a motor drive for the system’s deviation originating from the assembly line would, again, put a huge strain on resources. That is, of course, if there’s no auto-tuning tool offered for the motor controller.

Finally, auto-tuning tools further democratize technology and therefore boost innovation. Already since years there’s a visible trend where electronic components are becoming cheaper. Take for example high-quality BLDC motors, once exclusively used for high-end machines until drones went commercial and BLDC motors became a mass product. With lowered component prices, these parts suddenly became interesting in other fields as well, boosting product development and breakthroughs in other devices. By making not only the components, but also the know-how more accessible, tools automating motor controller tuning give another impulse to innovation. Either because it makes new technology accessible to those companies who wouldn’t be able to implement it otherwise, or because it frees up precious resources including experts who can now focus on ground-breaking features and devices.

Auto-Tuning a BLDC Drive

The first step of auto-tuning a BLDC drive is similar to manually tuning one, which is identifying the tuning parameters for PI controllers in the application. These tuning parameters vary per application and can even vary within an application per working point. Examples are maximum torque and speed, which are dependent on the motor load, and positioning. For identifying and optimizing these parameters, the real setup is needed – or a realistic model of the electromechanical system which takes all factors into account. The benefit of such an approach, compared to tuning PI controllers on the bench, is that external parameters are considered as well. These include backlash, friction, and inertia to name a few.

One way of identifying these parameters and finding the application limits is using a test signal injection and correlation. Simply put, you send a test signal through the system, measure the output and feed it to an algorithm, which then calculates the optimal parameters. Once calculated, this will be fed through the system again for a plausibility check, validating the calculated parameters. However, there is another method of identifying these parameters, following the more practical approach of traditional manual tuning done by experts.

Figure: Simplified visualization of test signal injection and correlation

Intuitive Auto-Tuning

To speed up motor drive commissioning, Trinamic developed a graphical tuning tool for their latest generation of modules using the integrated servo controller IC TMC4671. This tool is available free of charge in Trinamic’s integrated development environment (TMCL-IDE), with the main goal to tune the P and I parameter of the cascaded motor control structure automatically.

This tuning process works as follows: at first, the parameter of the FOC current loop, secondly the velocity and finally the position control loop are tuned. During the tuning process, step or ramp inputs to the drive’s cascaded control loops are applied. The response is measured in the module and the TMCL-IDE tool iteratively increases the controller gains to optimize the tracking performance and dynamics. The tool guides the user through this process step-by-step and the engineers can monitor the result of each iteration. Ideally, the setup is tuned within the application and the motor can rotate freely.

At first, the parameter of the FOC current control loop, as the most inner and faster loop, are optimized. Therefore, a step generator for the target current applies defined current steps to the FOC controller. The value of the step can be chosen according to the operation point of the user’s application. The tuning tool visualizes the target values and the responses and uses the data to decide how to enhance the controller behavior. It then updates the FOC current loop P and I parameter automatically until a minimum controller error is achieved and the current loop tuning process finishes.

The second step is the tuning of the velocity control loop. During this process, the velocity ramp can be used, and the acceleration can be set according to the application needs. The user can select the target velocity to which the P and I parameter of the velocity control loop should fit best. Then, the signal generator in the tuning tool generates target velocity steps. The actual velocity response of the motor is measured, and the P and I parameter are updated constantly. After the velocity error has been minimized, the velocity auto-tuning is completed.

As a final step, the position control loop P parameter will be optimized. Therefore, the motor performs target position steps, the actual position is measured, and the tuning algorithm adjusts the P parameter until a minimal position following error is derived.

The resulting P and I values from the auto-tuning process can also be tested and adjusted in the manual mode of this tool. In this mode, continuous step responses for the position, velocity, or current loop can be simulated and the resulting actual values of all controllers can be monitored and used to adjust the P and I parameter on the fly.

Figure: Auto-tuning with the TMCL-IDE

For machines to independently adapt its performance parameters and complete an assigned task, or re-configure themselves for optimized behavior based on input from a productivity enhanced AI observer algorithm, auto-tuning is the only option. This can be achieved by monitoring and auto-tuning the P and I values derived from the three cascaded FOC loops used to optimize the drive’s torque-flux current loop, velocity loop settings, and its positioning loop parameters. Perfect tuning of controllers, therefore, will no longer be defined by its settings during initial setup. Instead, it requires constant monitoring and adaptation.

With the intuitive auto-tuning tool, Trinamic’s latest generation of motor drives take a first step of becoming smart systems, eventually paving the way for the self-aware machines marking the next revolution in Industrial Automation. Auto-tuning will prove to be crucial for this next breakthrough, both for initial setup and for re-configuration of equipment to optimize its behavior. By continuously monitoring torque, velocity, and position parameters and comparing these to a model, the drive adapts or flags incoherent data. As such, the actuator becomes an additional sensor, empowering intelligence at the edge.

Figure: Auto-tuning is a fundamental step to self-awareness

Revolutionizing Industrial Automation Through Auto-Tuning

The next evolution of Industrial Automation brings self-aware machines for maximized productivity, extended operational lifespan, and reduced maintenance costs. This calls for motor and motion controllers with a high level of integration that can determine if everything behaves accordingly or if performance parameters need to be changed on the fly by reconfiguring themselves. Once tuned to perfection via auto-tuning, motor controllers can monitor for both internal issues, such as wire breaks or degraded power stage impedance, and external processes affecting the application’s behavior such as friction, inertia, temperature, and backlash.

By not only using the data gathered at the edge for auto-tuning purposes but aggregate it together with data from external components in data packets that are distributed throughout other machines on the factory floor, Industrial Automation takes an important step into the future. Think of machines working together in a manufacturing cell. Each machine has been assigned a specific task in the assembly line needed to produce a product. If a machine in this cell experiences a problem performing its specific task, then the production line would shut down until it can be serviced. Now let's imagine this same scenario using machines that are self-aware enabled. In this scenario, the other machines in the manufacturing cell would realize one machine is not performing its task and then automatically off-load the specific function of the problematic machine temporarily to the other machines in the cell to keep the production line running until a technician is available to fix the problematic machine. Auto-tuning may seem like a small step. With Trinamic, however, it’s the first step to self-aware machines.

If you have questions regarding ADI Trinamic's Auto-Tuning please contact:

Guido Gandolfo, Product Line Manager Motion Control
+49 5424 2340-57
ggandolfo@mev-elektronik.com

New – 7 GHz Low Pass Filter (Kopie)

Atlanta Micro introduces a passive lowpass filter implemented on chip that provides low loss and high rejection in a small 4mm package. With a cutoff frequency of 7 GHz and stopband rejection of >50 dB to 20 GHz, AM3046 is useful for image, LO, and spur rejection. AM3046 is matched to 50 ohms and operates from -40C to +100C.

New – 3.75 GHz and 9.5 GHz Bandpass Filters (Kopie)

Atlanta Micro introduces 2 passive bandpass filters implemented on chip that provide low loss and high rejection in miniature packages. These filters are useful as an IF filter in any RF system for image, LO, and spur rejection. Both are AC coupled and matched to 50 ohms and operate over the -40C to +100C temperature range.

New – 1 GHz, 2 GHz, and 3 GHz Bandpass Filters (Kopie)

Atlanta Micro introduces 3 passive bandpass filters implemented on chip that provide low loss and high rejection in miniature packages. These filters are useful as an IF filter in any RF system for image, LO, and spur rejection. All 3 are AC coupled and matched to 50 oms and operate over the -40C to +100C temperature range

Connectorized SPDT Switches to 26.5 GHz (Kopie)

Atlanta Micro announces the product release of four new connectorized SPDT switch modules:

All switch modules provide low insertion loss, flat frequency response, and high isolation and operate from a +3.3V to +5.0V supply with positive logic control.  The modules are specified to operate over the ‑40C to +85C temperature range.